EU261 compensation for flight delays & cancellation

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What’s your worst travel nightmare? Missing a flight? Arriving late to the airport? How about flight delays and cancellations. Those are never fun.

What I love about having presence in social media is having the opportunity to exchange a wealth of information between me and my readers. Many of those who follow me on Instagram and are on my Facebook travel page have shared their firsthand experience from their travel redemptions, and most recently, travel compensation from their travel mishaps.

Here are two travel mishaps from two of my trusted travel colleagues, Michael Z, and Joel B. These are mishaps that disrupted their travels but they were compensated for when their flights were delayed or canceled.

Mike’s canceled flight to Amsterdam

We had a trip booked from Madrid to Amsterdam from September 2nd – 5th. We used Flying Blue points on a non-stop flight with KLM and had a stay booked using Hyatt points at the Hyatt Regency Amsterdam. Approximately three hours before departure we received alerts that our flight was canceled due to mechanical issues. We were scrambling to make alternate arrangements, but most flights were full. We initially got booked on a flight out the next day, but it stopped in Barcelona first then Amsterdam. We also found a flight that left the same day as our original flight, but connected through Paris overnight and continued to Amsterdam the next day. Being adventurous we decided on the Paris option.
I vaguely knew there was a policy about European flight cancelations, but didn’t know all the details and did several Google searches. We also did the Paris overnight option as I was thinking they at least would reimburse us for the hotel stay. We booked two rooms at the Hyatt Regency Charles de Gaulle Airport on a cash rate (partial gamble in case they didn’t want to refund us).
On the positive side I got Hyatt elite night credit plus Hyatt points for paying cash). We spent about $25 in taxis and only about $5 in food (breakfast was free at the hotel with Globalist status). We made it to Amsterdam as planned before noon.
Image courtesy of Pexels, Connor Danylenko

Meet Regulation EU261

For flights up to 1,500 kilometers the airlines are required to pay you Euro 250 for canceled flights that are their fault. The payouts are higher for longer flights (we just missed the next tier by about 50 kilometers which is Euro 400 for that level). Once we returned back from our trip I went to the KLM website and at the bottom they have a link for the form you can fill out for the compensation. It was straightforward and simple and I attached the documents for the reimbursable expenses. They responded in about 14 days asking for a copy of my passport to pay the money.
They transferred the money to the bank account which was Euro 160 for the expenses plus Euro 1,000 for the penalty portion under EU261 (this was for four passengers total).  Also, we needed two hotel rooms per occupancy limits, but they only paid for one which I believe was an error and I have already contacted them about it).
So in summary our trip costs less than Euro 1,000 including airfare, hotel and other expenses and we received Euro 1,000 as the penalty payment so we actually got paid to travel. Something to keep in mind if you are traveling to or from Europe and your flight is canceled.
Image courtesy of Unsplash – @marcolopez95

Joel’s trouble over London

It was ALMOST a perfect end-of-the-year escapade covering six countries in Southeast Asia—Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, and Cambodia. This 24-day trip capped off a fantastic full rookie year in the miles and points game. The icing on the cake was the return flight on Singapore Airlines (SQ) A380 business class for the SIN-LHR 14.5-hour segment, and on United Airlines (UA) B767-300 Polaris for the LHR-EWR (roughly) 8-hour segment–both in one booking through Aeroplan.

Flight Diversion

The SQ flight from SIN-LHR went without a hitch. The LHR-EWR flight on UA was a different story. This flight took off right on time on December 27, 2023 at 6 PM London time. About 30 minutes into the flight and after the plane had reached the initial cruising altitude, the IFE’s and some of the cabin lights shut off abruptly. However, the power was restored within minutes. 

After another 20 minutes had passed and while the flight attendants were preparing to serve the inflight dinner meal, the captain announced that the plane was having “some power generator issues.” He and his team of pilots had decided that it was “best to return the plane to Heathrow for everyone’s safety.” There was one problem though (well, the second problem): the plane took off with a full tank of gas so-to speak, and it was flying heavy. This meant that they had to dump some fuel while flying over the East Atlantic Ocean to reach the safe maximum landing weight before it can return and land at Heathrow; that process took about another hour and a half, and the plane landed safely at LHR around 9 PM. Fortunately, another UA flight with the same aircraft type, which just landed an hour prior, was parked at Heathrow for an overnighter. This plane was used as the replacement aircraft, which departed the gate at 10:45 PM—more than 4 hours pass the originally scheduled departure

The plane landed in EWR on December 28, 2023 at 1:14 EST. However, due to the lack of ground crew availability to tow the plane currently parked at the gate of which our plane was designated to dock, we did not get to the gate until 1:45 AM. It was raining heavily when we landed.

Image courtesy of Unsplash @douglasbagg

The UA Crew 

The pilots and the cabin crew kept the passengers informed at every turn from the time they announced the mechanical issue that the plane was having, until we landed, and through the boarding process for the new flight. Given the situation, the crew could not have handled it any better. Not a single soul was heard complaining. 

As passengers were boarding, the cabin crew handed out the EU/UK 261 literature, which informs passengers of their rights for delayed or canceled flight or denied boarding. The lead flight attendant also announced several times before and during the flight, and shortly after landing at EWR that additional compensation (on top of the EU/UK 261 provisions) can be claimed as a result of the delayed flight departure and arrival. They served snacks frequently during the flight as they were unable to reload the inflight meals from the previous flight due to food safety reasons—the food had already been heated and over four hours had passed. There was no time to order new catering for the replacement flight.

More on EU/UK 261

Based on the situation we encountered with this flight, two explicit provisions for right to compensation were in consideration here under the EU/UK 261 rule: Subsection A, which specifies that passengers are entitled to receive £520 (for flights departing from the UK) if the flight is delayed by 3 or more hours and Subsection C, which stipulates the “Right to Care” provision of meals and refreshments in a reasonable relation to waiting time (United Airlines, 2023, p. 2).

A claim for compensation under subsection A is indisputable. However, the meal provision under subsection C did not apply. Under this rule, the airline “may limit or decline the right to care if the provision of care would itself cause further delay” (United Airlines, 2023, p. 2). As mentioned, there was no time to order a new meal catering, and doing so would further delay the flight.

Claim Filing Process

It is worth noting that United Airlines was very proactive in making it easy for us to file a claim. The EU/UK 261 literature that was handed out to us while boarding included the phone number and the website through which the claim can be filed. The address of the claims department was also indicated in the literature provided for those who may choose to file a written claim. Nevertheless, my wife and I received an email from United Airlines on the morning of December 28th, just as we were waiting to check-in for our flight to LAX. The email included an apology along with the link to the site, which redirected me to the United Airlines Customer Care website. I signed in to my UA account and entered the confirmation/PNR number.



Image courtesy of United Airlines


Scrolling down the bottom the page and looking from a list of specific topics/issues, I chose:

  1. Complaint
  2. Related to “international passenger rights” about “Europe/United Kingdom
  3. The flight/segment with the corresponding PNR/Booking Number
  4. Affected passengers and form of payment 

(Note that other options for payment included 50K MileagePlus miles and up to $1000 in travel certificate.)

Image courtesy of United Airlines

In this same page was a narrative box through which I was directed to” I typed in concisely what happened in relation to the specific EU/UK261 provisions of which I was trying to get compensated. 

There was an option to attach files or other documentation as part of the complaint. I chose to attach the screenshot of our flight tracking from FlightAware as proof indicating the flight diversion.

Next, I entered my address information and my email. After I clicked submit, I received a case ID number for a reference on the claim. 

I filed the claim on New Year’s Eve as I was waiting for the clock to strike midnight. Shortly thereafter I received an email asking to confirm the address where the check will be sent. On January 3rd, I received an e-mail confirmation of compensation for me and my wife in the amount $ 656.45 each in the form of a check to be mailed to our address listed on the claim.

In addition to the above compensation, I also received an email on December 28th from customer care directing me to United Cares where a customer/ passenger can file a complaint or send a compliment. 

Image courtesy of United Airlines


Once I filled in the necessary information, I was directed to a page where additional compensation can be chosen—either an electronic travel certificate in the amount of $500 or 50K MileagePlus miles. We both chose the $500 e-certificate, which has a one-year expiration. After I made my compensation choice, I was directed to an “apology page,” which read:

Image courtesy of United Airlines

On December 30th, my wife and I got an email that included the electronic travel certs, the redemption PIN code, and the promotion code.



The United Airlines pilots, cabin crew, and customer care department handled this situation extremely well. The service recovery process started from the moment the captain announced that the plane was returning to Heathrow to the cabin crew communicating frequently to the passengers and taking care of their needs, up to the point where the customer care department managed the compensation claims expeditiously. Most importantly, United Airlines got us home safe and sound, and with the travel e-certs, we have the opportunity to “fly the friendly skies” with this airline again. 

Travel Trouble takeaways

If there were takeaways from Mike’s and Joel’s experience, it gave me faith in the system. They seemed to have followed the process as designed, they had their ducks in a row, provided the necessary documents, and simply let the process take its course.

None of us want to ever get our trips disrupted, especially when you truly need to be somewhere on a certain day and time. However, travels are never perfect. So it’s very important for you to know your rights, what you can do, what the airline can do, and perhaps what your travel protection and insurance can do to help you during these situations.

Many thanks again, Mike Z, and Joel B. for capturing your travels and how you were able to get yourselves compensated using EU261.


Joel’s Reference:

United Airlines. (2023). Notice of your rights for flights departing from the European Union and The United Kingdom in the event of a flight delay or cancellation or denied boarding (pp. 1-2).


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Editorial Disclosure: The editorial content is not provided or commissioned by the credit card issuers. Opinions expressed here are the author’s alone, not those of the credit card issuers, and have not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by the credit card issuers.

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